The Test of Reading Comprehension – Fourth Edition (TORC-4) is
an innovative approach to testing silent reading comprehension that can
be used to (a) identify children and adolescents who score significantly
below their peers and who therefore might need help in improving their
reading proficiency and comprehension, (b) document student progress in
remedial programs, and (c) serve as a research tool in studies
investigating reading problems in children and adolescents. It was
normed on 1,942 students in 14 states. The test has five subtests, all
of which measure word identification and contextual meaning. Studies in
the TORC-4 manual indicate that the test has high reliability and strong
validity, especially criterion-prediction validity.
Relational Vocabulary – From the Student
Question Booklet, the student reads a set of three words that are in
some way related to each other. The student is to then silently read
another four words and choose two words that are related to the first
set of three words.
Sentence Completion – From the Student Question
Booklet, the student silently reads a sentence that is missing two
words. The student then silently reads a list of word pairs and chooses
the word pair that best completes the sentence.
Paragraph Construction – After silently reading
a list of sentences that are not in logical order, the student must
then rearrange the sentences to form a coherent paragraph.
Text Comprehension – Students silently read a short passage and then answer five multiple-choice questions relative to the passage.
Contextual Fluency – This subtest measures how
many individual words students can recognize, in 3 minutes, in a series
of passages taken from the Text Comprehension Subtest. Each passage,
printed in uppercase letters without punctuation or spaces between
words, becomes progressively more difficult in content, vocabulary, and
grammar. This is a format pioneered by J.P. Guilford to represent
reading in his Structure of Intellect model. As students read the
segments, they draw a line between as many words as they can in the time
allotted. (E.g., THE|LITTLE|DOG|JUMPED|HIGH)
The five subtests are combined to form a composite called the Reading
Comprehension Index, a standard score with a mean of 100 and a standard
deviation of 15. This index represents students’ ability to understand
contextual printed material.
New Features of the TORC-4
The number of subtests on the TORC-4 has been reduced from 9 to
6, which makes the test more streamlined and time-efficient for
administration and scoring.
All new normative data were collected in 2006-2007.
Study of item bias has been expanded.
Reliability coefficients have been computed by age and subgroups within the normative sample.
All new validity studies are reported, including a rigorous analysis of TORC-4’s sensitivity and specificity.
Vocabulary in the subtests have been updated.
Floor effects have been eliminated.
The overall look of the test has been updated and enhanced.
COMPLETE TORC-4 KIT INCLUDES:Examiner’s Manual, 50 Examiner/Record Forms, 25 Student Question Booklets (28-Pages), and 50 Student Answer Booklets (8-Pages), all in a sturdy storage box.